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NULLIF()

Available in: DSQL, PSQL

Added in: 1.5

Description

NULLIF returns the value of the first argument, unless it is equal to the second. In that case, NULL is returned.

Result type: Depends on input.

Syntax

 NULLIF (<exp1>, <exp2>)

Example

 select avg( nullif(Weight, -1) ) from FatPeople

This will return the average weight of the persons listed in FatPeople, excluding those having a weight of -1, since AVG skips NULL data. Presumably, -1 indicates "weight unknown" in this table. A plain AVG(Weight) would include the -1 weights, thus skewing the result.

Note: In Firebird 1.0.x, where NULLIF is not available, you can accomplish the same with the *nullif external functions.

See also:
CASE
COALESCE()
DECODE()
IIF()

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